Engineering is an exciting career field with constantly new opportunities for the qualified persons. Engineers employ mathematical and scientific principles to develop practical solutions to real world technical problems. They design, develop and build complex systems and machinery used in production units. Engineers develop alternative power sources, improve the quality of healthcare, build computer systems and are involved in the heart of everything important to the quality of human life.
Things to consider before choosing engineering path.
Engineering presents a significant number of job opportunities and specialties. Choosing a career is quite different from choosing a job. A career consists of multiple jobs, and it is much bigger and a more important concept. Engineering is considered to be a tough discipline majorly due to many mathematical and scientific computations involved. Before main up your mind on pursuing the engineering discipline, below are some factors you need to evaluate?
– Ensure that your choice is in line with the skills that you have.
– Ask yourself if you have the goal and passion for becoming an engineer
– Consider the market and the potential earning expected
– What will be your job description and the workload ahead?
– Determine in what areas of your life you are most successful
14 Main Branches of Engineering and their careers descriptions
Deciding to follow the engineering career path may not come cheap. There are superior qualifications and a significant level of education you might be required to pass through. There are fourteen main branches of engineering, and each of these provide many independent careers. They include;
- Aerospace engineering
Aerospace engineers are typically involved in designing, developing and testing aircraft, spacecrafts, satellites, missiles and other spacecraft products for the military, commercial or private use. They evaluate products to ensure that they meet customer requirements, quality standards, and engineering specifications.
- Agricultural Engineering
Also known as biological engineering, this discipline covers subjects relating to aquaculture, land farming and forestry. The engineers develop biofuels, plan animal environments and devise better food processing methods.
- Biomedical engineering
These are professionals who focus on improving the quality, efficiency and safety of medical systems and products. They analyze, design and resolve problems around biology and medicine. They create artificial organs, devices and machines to replace human body parts.
- Chemical engineering
These are professionals who research, design and troubleshoot equipment involved in large-scale production units. They apply the engineering principles of chemistry, physics and biology to develop and implement safe food and chemical production processes.
- Civil engineering
These are professionals who specialize in road, bridges, buildings and water supply systems in their designs and construction. They supervise and direct the development of these components and ensure every structure is built according to the set standards.
- Computer engineering
They may be computer software or hardware engineers. The hardware engineers device computer hardware components such as circuit boards, memory units, CPU, monitor and other peripheral components. Software engineers blend computer science, engineering, and mathematics to design, develop, test and maintain the software components of computer systems.
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
These are professionals who devise new and improved electronic components. They test and resolve problems with existing electronics and work on lighting, wiring, robotics, generators and in car manufacturing.
- Environmental engineering
These are professionals who apply and develop solutions to environmental issues by using the principles of biology, chemistry, and soil science. They address global problems such as climate change and sustainability, water safety, pollution, waste disposal and recycling programs.
- Industrial engineering
Industrial engineers are professionals who look for the most efficient ways of using essential factors of production to make products or provide services. They act as a bridge between management goals and operational performance.
- Material engineering
These are engineers who design and develop test materials, create new materials and products. They use metals, semiconductors, composites and other substances in their processes. They research, create, test and evaluate factors involved in designing new products.
- Mechanical engineering
Mechanical engineering involves the study of motion, energy and force. Mechanical engineers control these components by use of a combination of materials, human and economic resources.
- Mining and Geological Engineering
They specialize in finding, extracting and preparing the removal of minerals from the earth surface. They design open pits and underground mines and supervise the construction of mine shafts.
- Nuclear engineering
These are engineers who research nuclear energy and radiation for industrial and medical use. They create the processes, equipment, instrumentation and systems that contain nuclear materials. They give instructions concerning handling and disposal of nuclear waste.
14. Petroleum engineering
They are responsible for finding the most efficient and profitable means of extracting oil and gas from rock formations far below the earth. They design and develop ways to use chemicals, water, gas and steam to force oil out of reservoirs. They are required to perform research, device drill plans and ensure safety during all processes.